A mural is an artwork painted or applied directly onto walls, ceilings or any other permanent surface. The history of Mural Painting of India studied by many and most of them traced the evolution of it from Ajanta to Kerala. The Budhist themes of Ajanta Paintings considered to have been executed between the 2nd Century B.C. and the 5th/6th Century. Kerala is considered to be very rich in mural paintings and most of the Kerala murals are dated between the 16th/17th Century.
Traditional Kerala mural painting is done only in five basic colours (Panchavarna) such as yellow, red, green, black and white. In the traditional method, a pencil called, Kittalekhini is prepared by grinding a black stone and mixing it with cow dung. Nowadays, artists use different methods including the commercially available pencils, mostly in yellow colour. White is the wall itself and all other pigments are prepared from stones and leaves.
The preparation of wall for traditional murals of Kerala is an elaborate process and it is done in three stages.READ MORE
Iyyampullu or Kuntalipullu (Arrow grass or Elephant grass, Aristada setaces Retz.) is used for making fine brushes for painting.READ MORE
The raw material for green pigment is extracted from the leaves of Indigo ( Indigofera tinctoria, Neela amari or Neelachedi).READ MORE
Black was considered by the ancient Indian artists as one of the basic and principal colours for a painting and it is the only non-mineral colour.READ MORE
In Indian paintings yellow is represented as yellow ochre and red as red ochre. Yellow ochre contains various hydrate forms of iron oxide.READ MORE
Application of calcium carbonate dissolved in the milk of tender coconuts on a primary lime base is used for attaining a still brighter whiteness.READ MORE